Which Gynecological Disease Increases Risk of Heart Disease in Young Women?


Painful periods.

Excessive bleeding.

Pain with intercourse.


Pain with bowel movements or urination.

These are just some of the symptoms associated with a disorder that has been found to occur in 7-10% of US women in the general population and found in 50% of teenagers with extremely painful periods. Things found to increase the risk of this condition are very common in a number of women and include stuff like beginning menses at an early age, extended menstrual flow (>7 days), delay in pregnancy, and heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle.

What’s probably the most concerning is that if it is left untreated this same disorder can lead to infertility and even ovarian cancer. That is, until a study was published in an American Heart Association Journal (Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes) stating that women age 40 or younger were at a disproportionately higher risk to suffer cardiovascular symptoms and disease if they were confirmed to have this issue laparoscopically.

How disproportionate? Well the women in the study that were confirmed to have this disease were three times as likely to develop heart attack, chest pain, or need treatment for blocked arteries, compared to women without the condition. Researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital followed 120,000 women over 20 years for this data and found that nearly 12,000 participants had suffered with this condition. So compared to women without it, women with the condition experienced:

  • 52% increased risk of heart attack
    (myocardial infarction)
  • 91% increased risk of developing chest pain(angina)
  • 35% increased risk of needing surgery or stinting to open blocked arteries (coronary artery bypass grafting or CABG)

So enough about all the numbers. The most important question on your mind now is what is the condition causing all these symptoms and complications? Better yet, what can I do to make sure that this isn’t something me or my loved one is going to deal with or has already had at some point? Well this infamous disorder is called endometriosis and it occurs when there is a growth of the tissue that lines the uterus (endometrial tissue) in other places within the body.

This misplaced tissue responds to changes in women’s hormone levels much like it would if it remained in the uterus. To put it more plainly, imagine the tissue that should be in the uterus causing a “period” (and all the things that go along with it) wherever it’s located in the body. This can lead to a large amount of damage via an inflammatory response consisting of neovascularization and fibrosis formation.

Just about any organ system within the body can be affected by this misplaced tissue, and the exact cause of endometriosis is poorly understood. One of the most likely causes is something called retrograde menstruation, which is when menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle. Other possible causes include surgical scar implantation (after a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision) and endometrial cells transport (blood vessels or the lymphatic system transports endometrial cells to other parts of the body).

So now you have your answer to the first question we can now go back to the second question, and that is what can be done about this condition? Well there is an extensive list of potential ways to treat endometriosis and that list includes things like different hormone therapies (birth control medication or medication that halts the growth of the endometrium). If those don’t work then you may have to move to more invasive alternatives like surgery on the endometrial tissue directly or removal of the uterus altogether (hysterectomy).

Yet, another interesting fact about the study that was mentioned earlier was that having had a hysterectomy was also found to have an association with higher risk of cardiovascular disease compared with not having had a hysterectomy. (Now ain’t that something!) Since treatment may be as much of an issue as the condition itself I must mention another type of way to deal with some of these issues. That method is called prevention.

The recommendations for prevention are usually a lot cheaper and offer less potential complications than medications and surgeries. So please don’t be surprised that they are things like eating a healthy diet and staying active by doing at least 30 minutes of moderate to rigorous physical activity per day. Physical activity can help to improve pain symptoms associated with heart disease and in some cases endometriosis. It’s also recommended to maintain a healthy weight and losing weight since the latter can decrease chronic inflammation, which is one of the key issues with both endometriosis and cardiovascular disease. Other things include quitting (or do not start) smoking and taking warm baths which can help relax pelvic muscles, reducing cramping, and improve pain.

In all, you should consult with a doctor or healthcare provider about any questions, symptoms, treatments, or prevention measures before beginning them. I hope this has been a helpful post and thanks for reading.

– Supreme Soul

Logic – Under Pressure

So it’s been a while since I brought a newer artist to 3GW readers. I was put on to this lyricist (better known as Logic) by my older brother (what up Jerrell?!) and was pleasantly surprised by his delivery, ability to paint a vivid picture with his lyrics, and change of style and pace on different songs. It wasn’t until much later that I found out that he was from Gaithersburg, MD (what up DMV?!) and was ‘white’. Now this isn’t important to me, as much as it might be to some others, because I believe if you have talent to do something and do it far better than others then you should be celebrated. That’s right celebrated and not criticized because you don’t look like the majority of those within that given field.


I later found out that he is actually mixed, despite what he may appear to be, and had an upbringing typical of what many rappers usually recall from their childhoods. Logic grew up with a white mother who battled prostitution and addiction while his black father was addicted to drugs and even scored crack from Logic’s brothers. If that ain’t life experience to be a rapper, then I don’t know what is.


This brings me to the track Under Pressure, which is featured on his album of the same name as the track’s title; let’s just begin with the word DAMN!? Production is on point from the moment you press play, and Logic jumps on the track to begin hitting the listener with a constant barrage of lyrical hay makers. I definitely cosign to the words of the chorus coming with my background of grinding to outwork all others trying to get it like me. So when he first uttered “Work so f*cking much my greatest fear is I’mma die alone………….Every diamond in my chain, yeah that’s a milestone!”, I was practically sold and it became one of my favorite tracks of his.

Yet, the part that was most surprising to this listener, and likely most others, was what came through the speakers around the 3 minute and 50 second mark. The change of production and change of lyrical presentation that came together fits perfectly; so perfectly that it reminds me of….well….other things that fit perfectly together. Things like, peanut butter and jelly; Kool-Aid and sugar; beaches and adult beverages; a freshly washed car and a full tank of gas. You get the idea where I’m going with this? No, well my point is that he did the damn thing even when the beat changed completely and didn’t miss a single beat at delivering greatness. He continues to lay down a masterful story of who he is in a poetic way, giving the listener a glimpse into where he comes from and how he deals with his pain and his truths.

The full version (featured below) is about 9 minutes of consistent, varied hip hop. I dare you to find another like it that’s on the same level. Consequently, someone like me who seems to always be “working so f*cking much” truly can relate to this track and will forever have it cued up as a reminder of the struggle and the diamonds that are now my very own milestones. Thanks for reading and stopping by 3GW.

Supreme Soul


Talib Kweli – Come Here

As many people know I’m a fan of Talib Kweli‘s music. It is true hip hop in my opinion and very seldom will it ever be commercial. This song is no different as it will never be as popular as songs speaking about wanting big booty hoes as birthday gifts or being happy as long as his bitches love him (currently SMH at what hip hop has become in some circles). Yet, it will definitely be something that I know I could spin on my turntables and give most women out there a feeling of pride from a man speaking to them like the queens they are. It is rare in this day and time that you can find hip hop talking about women in a positive and respectful sense. On Come Here, it is quite evident from the beginning that this MC is paying the woman compliment after compliment, and I will celebrate this notion over misogyny and blatant sexism any day. Throw in some Miguel and I believe you have an even better hit.

Now some people will say I may be giving it more praise than it deserves, and to that I say possibly they are right. Yet, if I ask you to name me 5 hip hop songs about women that are degrading and overly sexual, and at the same time name me 3 songs from the same genre that are respectful and complimentary I’m more than sure the 5 songs will come well before the 3. Not to mention the lyrics of the 3 are usually far from the simple utterances and, if not listened to closely, will pass by faster than a 100 meter dash at the Olympics. I won’t even start about the innuendos that come repeatedly during the verses…pure poetry.  Bottom line, I like the overall song and its message being a flattering one towards women. Take a listen below and let me know if you agree.

Supreme Soul


Subscribe if to the site on WordPress if you like this and other posts here at 3GW

James Derham

James Derham was the first Black person to receive a certificate to practice medicine in the U.S. He won his freedom and set up his own practice in New Orleans. He was the first African-American to formally practice medicine in the United States though he never received an M.D. degree. Derham was born into slavery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was owned by several doctors and by working as a nurse/medical assistant, he saved enough money to purchase his freedom by 1783. In the same year he ended up in New Orleans with a Scottish physician, to perform medical services. He opened his own medical practice, and by age 26 his annual earnings exceeded $3,000. He was a popular and distinguished doctor in New Orleans, at least in part for his knowledge of English, French, and Spanish. In 1789, Durham saved more yellow fever victims in New Orleans than any other physician in colonial Philadelphia.

Supreme Soul

Andrew Jackson Beard

Andrew Jackson Beard

Andrew Jackson Beard

Andrew Jackson Beard was born a slave in Jefferson County, Alabama, and spent the first 15 years of his life as a slave on a small farm. A year after he was emancipated, he married and became a farmer in a small city outside of Birmingham. Beard was a farmer near Birmingham, Alabama for some five years, but recalled making a difficult trip to Montgomery in 1872 with 50 bushels of apples drawn by oxen. He said, “It took me three weeks to make the trip. I quit farming after that.” As a result of his extensive farming experience, he was able to develop and champion his first invention, a plow. In 1881, he patented one of his plows and sold it, in 1884, for $4,000. Three years later, on December 15, 1887, Beard invented another plow and sold it for $5,200. With this money he went into the real estate business and made about $30,000.

Beard’s most important invention would be patented in 1897, the “Jenny” coupler. In the early days of American railroading, coupling of rail road cars was done manually. Car coupling, an extremely dangerous practice, required a railroad worker to brace himself between cars and drop a metal pin into place at the exact moment the cars came together. Few railroad men kept all their fingers; many lost arms and hands. Even more were caught between cars and crushed to death during the hazardous split-second operation. His idea secured two cars by merely bumping them together.

Beard invented the Automatic Railroad Car Coupler, commonly called the “Jenny” coupler, and the patent for his invention was issued on November 23, 1897. Andrew Beard’s invention, which was improved in 1899, is the forerunner of today’s automatic coupler. Unfortunately, Beard’s life, after 1897, is a virtual mystery. He died in 1921 yet no record has been found of where it happened. Beard was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in Akron, Ohio for his life-saving invention.

beard invention 2

Supreme Soul