James Derham was the first Black person to receive a certificate to practice medicine in the U.S. He won his freedom and set up his own practice in New Orleans. He was the first African-American to formally practice medicine in the United States though he never received an M.D. degree. Derham was born into slavery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was owned by several doctors and by working as a nurse/medical assistant, he saved enough money to purchase his freedom by 1783. In the same year he ended up in New Orleans with a Scottish physician, to perform medical services. He opened his own medical practice, and by age 26 his annual earnings exceeded $3,000. He was a popular and distinguished doctor in New Orleans, at least in part for his knowledge of English, French, and Spanish. In 1789, Durham saved more yellow fever victims in New Orleans than any other physician in colonial Philadelphia.
Here at 3GW, it was decided to give readers some information about influential African-Americans for Black History Month. I will try to keep it brief and informative and hope you all enjoy.
Solomon Carter Fuller, M.D.
Solomon Carter Fuller, M.D. was the nation’s first African-American psychiatrist and a neurologist who made significant contributions to the study of Alzheimer’s disease. He also focused his research on the organic causes of disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Fuller’s knowledge of venereal disease later helped diagnose syphilis in black World War II veterans who had been previously misdiagnosed with behavioral disorders. The mental health facility at Boston University is now officially known as the Dr. Solomon Carter Fuller Mental Health Center.